Nutrition Flashcards (2022)

Term

True or False...Carbohydrate has been rightly accused of being the fattening ingredient of foods; therefore, we need to consume fewer starchy foods.

Definition

False

Term

True or False...The term "brown bread" on a label is a guarantee that the bread has been made with whole-grain flour.

Definition

False

Term

When fructose and glucose are bonded together they form:

Definition

Sucrose or Table Sugar

Term

The best known fibers include all of the following except:
glycogen.
cellulose.
hemicellulose.
pectin.

Definition

Glycogen

Term

Which of the following is the preferred fuel for most body functions?
protein
ketones
carbohydrate
fat

Definition

carbohydrates

Term

The best way to lose fat, maintain lean body tissues, and maintain the health of the body is to:

Definition

Control total calories

Term

All of the following are health benefits of insoluble fiber except:
it lowers risk of diabetes.
it alleviates constipation.
it lowers risk of hemorrhoids.
it may reduce risk of rectal cancer.

Definition

It lowers risk of diabetes

Term

Which of the following nutrients is not required by law to be added to refined grain products?
riboflavin
folate
magnesium
thiamin
niacin

Definition

Magnesium

Term

When the blood glucose level rises after a meal, the first organ to respond is the:

Definition

Pancreas

Term

Which of the following helps prevent type 2 diabetes?

Definition

weight control, exercise, and a healthy lifestyle

(Video) Nutrition Essentials for Nursing - Why Get Level Up RN Flashcards? | @Level Up RN

Term

You are trying to convince someone that a low-carbohydrate diet is undesirable. Reasons you would give to support your statement include:

Definition

fat is not normally used as fuel by the brain and nervous system AND gram for gram, carbohydrates donate fewer calories than dietary fats.

Term

One of the main reasons that obesity contributes to type 2 diabetes is because:

Definition

inflammation in the tissues triggers them to resist insulin.

Term

Sugar has been implicated by many people in some major health problems; however, the only effect of sugar on health that has been shown scientifically is that:

Definition

in developing countries, added sugar is providing more energy to the diet while people are decreasing their physical activity.

Term

A person with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes has just been advised that he should begin a 2100-calorie diet with 45% of the energy coming from carbohydrate. How many grams of carbohydrate would that be?

Definition

236

Term

True or False...Sickle-cell disease is an example of an inherited mistake in the amino acid sequence.

Definition

True

Term

True or False...When a person ingests a large dose of any single amino acid, absorption of others of its type may be limited.

Definition

True

Term

True or False...If needed, protein can help to maintain a steady blood glucose level and so serve the glucose need of the brain.

Definition

True

Term

True or False...The growth of well-fed vegetarian children is similar to that of their meat-eating peers.

Definition

True

Term

Which of the following is found in protein but not in carbohydrate or fat?
carbon
hydrogen
nitrogen
oxygen

Definition

Nitrogen

Term

Which of the following is a protein catalyst, which acts on other substances to change them chemically?
hormone
antibody
lipoprotein
enzyme

Definition

Enzyme

(Video) Make A Flash Card On Nutrients Sources Symptoms || Nutrients Deficiency flash cards

Term

The sequences of amino acids that make up a protein molecule are specified by:

Definition

Heredity

Term

All of the following cause denaturation of proteins except:
bases.
alcohol.
heat.
light.
salts of heavy metals.

Definition

Light

Term

For athletes, the path to bigger muscles includes

Definition

vigorous physical training and well-timed meals.

Term

The stomach lining is protected from the very strong acid of the stomach by:

Definition

a coat of mucus

Term

When amino acids are degraded for energy, their amine groups are stripped off and used elsewhere or incorporated by the liver into:

Definition

Urea

Term

In making recommendations for protein intake, the committee on DRI took into consideration that the protein in a normal diet would be:

Definition

a combination of plant and animal sources

Term

Which of the following provides amino acids that are best absorbed by the body?
legumes
animal proteins
grains
vegetables

Definition

animal proteins

Term

The calorie-deficiency disease resulting from chronic starvation is known most specifically as:

Definition

Marasmus

Term

Which of the following food groups does not provide significant protein?
fruits
grains
vegetables
milk, yogurt and cheese

Definition

Fruits

Term

In times of energy shortage from carbohydrates or fats in foods, the body uses protein in what way?

Definition

it removes the nitrogen portion and burns the remaining fragments for energy

(Video) General Biology 2 - 41 Animal Nutrition - Flashcards

Term

A boy 10 years old is going through a growth spurt. Because he needs to build new muscle tissue, what should his nitrogen status be?

Definition

positive nitrogen balance

Term

Cells will do all of the following to create their own working proteins from available amino acids except:

Definition

hold partially completed proteins until the diet provides the missing amino acids.

Term

Examples of complementary protein combinations include all of the following except:
pasta with tomato sauce.
rice and black-eyed peas.
whole-wheat cereal with almonds.
peanut butter and jelly on whole-wheat bread.

Definition

pasta with tomato sauce

Term

What is one of the risks of consuming a diet high in protein?

Definition

a high-protein diet can raise homocysteine levels in the blood

Term

Cholesterol is the best known of the:

Definition

sterols

Term

Which of the following is not a function of fat in the human body?
protects the body from temperature extremes
cushions the internal organs from physical shock
carries the water-soluble nutrients
provides the major material from which cell membranes are made

Definition

carries the water-soluble nutrients

Term

Which one of the following statements about fatty foods is true?

Definition

fat contributes to satiety, contributing to the feeling of fullness

Term

DRI recommendations concerning intakes of fats include:

Definition

consume up to 35% of calories as fat and
keep saturated fat intake as low as possible

Term

The main dietary factor associated with elevated blood cholesterol is:

Definition

high saturated and trans fat intake.

Term

Which of the following is characteristic of a diet to oppose heart disease?

Definition

low in trans fat

(Video) Nutrition - 102 English Vocabulary Flashcards

Term

The best way to increase consumption of omega-3 fatty acids is to

Definition

consume 2 fish meals per week

Term

To protect yourself from consuming too much _____, you would limit your consumption of swordfish, king mackerel, and shark.

Definition

mercury

Term

Approximately what percent calories from fat would be provided by a bowl of soup containing 200 calories and 99 calories from fat?

Definition

50%

Term

The major storage form of fats in our body is:

Definition

triglycerides, which are made up of fatty acids and glycerol.

Term

A woman who is pregnant is concerned about eating fish because of its potential contamination with mercury. What would you tell her about the need for essential fatty acids in her diet?

Definition

it is important for her to find alternative sources of omega-3 fatty acids to provide DHA and EPA for growth and development of her fetus

Term

Which of the following words on an ingredient list would alert you to the presence of trans fatty acids in the product?

Definition

hydrogenated vegetable oil and shortening

Term

What is the most accurate statement to make about the process of hydrogenation of liquid vegetable oils?

Definition

oils that have been hydrogenated are more resistant to oxidation that will spoil them and make them rancid

Term

In an effort to lower LDL you would tell someone to:

Definition

use olive oil in the place of saturated fat and use corn oil in the place of vegetable shortening.

Term

Overall, the diets of the Mediterranean people are:

Definition

low in saturated fat and high in complex carbohydrates and fiber.

Term

The benefits of the Mediterranean diet are a result of:

Definition

a combination of vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, and seafoods

(Video) Introduction, Overview of Nutrients - Nutrition Essentials - @Level Up RN

FAQs

What are the 5 key nutrition concepts? ›

There are five key factors that make up a healthful diet: (1) An adequate diet, (2) A balanced diet, (3) Calorie control, (4) Moderation, and (5) Variety. Nutritional scientists discover the health effects of food and its nutrients by first making an observation.

What are the 6 basic nutritional facts? ›

There are six basic nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. All of these are classified as essential. Your body requires essential nutrients to function properly.

What are the 7 classes of nutrition? ›

There are more than 40 different kinds of nutrients in food and they can generally be classified into the following 7 major groups:
  • Carbohydrates.
  • Proteins.
  • Fats.
  • Vitamins.
  • Minerals.
  • Dietary fibre.
  • Water.
4 Dec 2017

What is the best nutrition database? ›

Healthline's picks of the best nutrition apps
  • MyPlate Calorie Counter.
  • PlateJoy.
  • MyFitnessPal.
  • Yummly Recipes & Cooking Tools.
  • Lifesum: Healthy Eating.
  • Ate Food Journal.
  • MyNet Diary Calorie Counter.
  • Noom.

What are the 3 basic concepts to a healthy diet? ›

A healthy diet has three main areas of concern: food choices, hydration and portion control.

What are the 3 types of nutrition? ›

Heterotrophic Nutrition
  • Holozoic- The organism in this category feeds on plants and animals to absorb the needed nutrition. ...
  • Symbiotic- In this mode, two or more organisms depend on each other for food. ...
  • Saprotrophic- These organisms feed on the dead and decaying matter.
8 Aug 2022

What 2 foods can you survive on? ›

Kelp, alaria and laver (kombu, wakame and nori in Japanese cuisine) are among the most common. Almost all kinds are edible. Seaweed is loaded with vitamins and minerals. Once dried it will keep of months, too.

What human body needs daily? ›

At the end of the day, there are only 4 things a body needs to survive: water, food, oxygen, and functioning nervous system.

What nutrients are needed daily? ›

The six essential nutrients are vitamins, minerals, protein, fats, water, and carbohydrates.
...
Protein
  • ensuring the growth and development of muscles, bones, hair, and skin.
  • forming antibodies, hormones, and other essential substances.
  • serving as a fuel source for cells and tissues when needed.
22 Aug 2019

What are the six classic of food? ›

The six classes include: fat, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals and water. Yes, even water! These are elements of a diet that you cannot live without ingesting.

What are the 7 things your body needs? ›

There are seven main classes of nutrients that the body needs. These are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water. It is important that everyone consumes these seven nutrients on a daily basis to help them build their bodies and maintain their health.

What is the most reliable source of nutrition information? ›

Nutrition.gov is a USDA-sponsored website that offers credible information to help you make healthful eating choices. It serves as a gateway to reliable information on nutrition, healthy eating, physical activity, and food safety for consumers.

What is the best nutrition website? ›

Answer: The top 5 most popular Nutrition Diets and Fitness websites in the world in August 2022 are:
  • eatthis.com.
  • menshealth.com.
  • my-personaltrainer.it.
  • myfitnesspal.com.
  • verywellfit.com.

Is there a free food journal app? ›

MealLogger - Free food journal and nutrition network app.

What is the healthiest breakfast to eat? ›

  1. Eggs. Eggs make a simple, nutritious breakfast choice. ...
  2. Greek yogurt. Greek yogurt is a great option if you're looking for a quick breakfast. ...
  3. Coffee. Aside from water, coffee is the world's most popular beverage. ...
  4. Oatmeal. ...
  5. Chia seeds. ...
  6. Berries. ...
  7. Cottage cheese. ...
  8. Whole wheat toast.

What are the 4 modes of nutrition? ›

Some plants do not contain chlorophyll and depend on other plants for their food through the heterotrophic mode of nutrition.
...
Heterotrophic Nutrition in Plants
  • Parasitic.
  • Insectivorous.
  • Saprophytic.
  • Symbiotic.

What are the 4 types of malnutrition? ›

There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals.

What is the number 1 healthiest food in the world? ›

The 10 healthiest foods on Earth
  • Spinach. If it's good enough for Popeye, it's good enough for you. ...
  • Garlic. Agreed, it may make your breath smell, but trust us, the benefits it provides are well worth it. ...
  • Lemons. ...
  • Beetroots. ...
  • Dark Chocolate. ...
  • Lentils. ...
  • Raspberries. ...
  • Walnuts.
12 Jun 2017

Can you live off eggs and potatoes? ›

Technically a person can survive well into adulthood without any major health issues off of just eggs and potatoes; though, cholesterol may become an issue when older.

What foods should I stockpile for survival? ›

What to Always Keep in Your Pantry
  • Peanut butter. A great source of energy, peanut butter is chock-full of healthful fats and protein. ...
  • Whole-wheat crackers. ...
  • Nuts and trail mixes. ...
  • Cereal. ...
  • Granola bars and power bars. ...
  • Dried fruits, such as apricots and raisins. ...
  • Canned tuna, salmon, chicken, or turkey. ...
  • Canned soups and chili.
19 May 2022

What is the body's main source of energy? ›

Glucose, or blood sugar, is the main source of energy for your body's cells, tissues, and organs. Glucose can be used immediately or stored in the liver and muscles for later use.

What is a natural diet for humans? ›

Although many humans choose to eat both plants and meat, earning us the dubious title of “omnivore,” we're anatomically herbivorous. The good news is that if you want to eat like our ancestors, you still can: Nuts, vegetables, fruit, and legumes are the basis of a healthy vegan lifestyle.

What vitamins should I be taking for my age? ›

Things Your Body Needs as You Age
  • Calcium. 1/14. With age, you can start to lose more of this mineral than you absorb. ...
  • Vitamin B12. 2/14. It helps make blood and nerve cells. ...
  • Vitamin D. 3/14. Your body needs it to absorb calcium. ...
  • Vitamin B6. 4/14. ...
  • Magnesium. 5/14. ...
  • Probiotics. 6/14. ...
  • Omega-3s. 7/14. ...
  • Zinc. 8/14.
16 Jul 2020

What food has all the vitamins? ›

The top 15 foods highest in vitamins include fish, dark leafy greens, seeds, broccoli, pork, beef, lamb, mushrooms, nuts, eggs, sweet bell peppers, avocados, peas, winter squash, and fruits.

How many protein should I eat a day? ›

How much protein do you need? Anywhere from 10% to 35% of your calories should come from protein. So if your needs are 2,000 calories, that's 200–700 calories from protein, or 50–175 grams. The recommended dietary allowance to prevent deficiency for an average sedentary adult is 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight.

What minerals are not stored in the body? ›

Water-soluble vitamins (vitamin C and the B-complex vitamins, such as vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folate) must dissolve in water before they can be absorbed by the body, and therefore cannot be stored. Any water-soluble vitamins unused by the body is primarily lost through urine.

Which vitamins should you not take together? ›

Here are six vitamin combinations you definitely shouldn't take together.
  • Magnesium and calcium/multivitamin. ...
  • Vitamins D, E and K. ...
  • Fish Oil & Gingko Biloba. ...
  • Copper and zinc. ...
  • Iron and Green tea. ...
  • Vitamin C and B12.
29 Aug 2022

What vitamins do most people lack? ›

Of all the nutrients listed, the most people had vitamin B6, iron, and vitamin D deficiencies, and the fewest people had vitamin A, vitamin E, and folate deficiencies.

Which vitamins are hardest to get? ›

These Are the 6 Hardest Vitamins to Get Enough of—Here's How to...
  1. Vitamin D. ...
  2. Omega-3 Fatty Acids. ...
  3. Magnesium. ...
  4. Vitamin K. ...
  5. Iodine. ...
  6. Vitamin B12.
16 Aug 2018

What nutrient keeps your body warm? ›

Ginger is known to be good for digestive health and can stimulate thermogenesis. It's also a diaphoretic, which means it will help your body warm from the inside out.

What are the 5 sources of food? ›

What are the five food groups?
  • Fruit and vegetables.
  • Starchy food.
  • Dairy.
  • Protein.
  • Fat.

What is the importance of nutrition? ›

A healthy diet throughout life promotes healthy pregnancy outcomes, supports normal growth, development and ageing, helps to maintain a healthy body weight, and reduces the risk of chronic disease leading to overall health and well-being.

What is the balance diet? ›

A balanced diet is one that fulfills all of a person's nutritional needs. Humans need a certain amount of calories and nutrients to stay healthy. A balanced diet provides all the nutrients a person requires, without going over the recommended daily calorie intake.

Which food group should you eat the most of each day? ›

Grains should be taken as the major dietary source. Eat more fruit and vegetables. Have a moderate amount of meat, fish, egg, milk and their alternatives.

What are the types of nutrition? ›

Types of Nutrition. Broadly, there are two types of nutrition among living organisms, namely: Autotrophic mode. Heterotrophic mode.

What is the 5/20 rule? ›

Though not an end-all test, a quick way to read the percent daily values is to use the 5/20 rule. This says that if the %DV is less than 5% there is a low amount of this nutrient, while if the %DV is greater than 20% there is a high amount of this nutrient.

What are 4 sources of information on nutritional requirements? ›

Common sources of nutrition information identified in the literature include the internet, family members and friends, television, and books [4, 6, 13, 15, 22].

What is the most accurate food database? ›

MyNetDiary food catalog is the most complete, accurate and up-to-date nutrition database in the English-speaking world.

What is Sparkpeople called now? ›

SparkAmerica is part of our new business model, in which we work with companies and organizations to help keep their employees healthy with PeopleOne Health.

How many calories should I be eating? ›

Adults. The recommended calorie intake for adult women ranges from 1,600 calories per day to 2,400 calories per day, according to the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.2 For men, the amount is slightly higher, ranging from 2,200 to 3,200 calories per day.

What is the best nutrition database? ›

Healthline's picks of the best nutrition apps
  • MyPlate Calorie Counter.
  • PlateJoy.
  • MyFitnessPal.
  • Yummly Recipes & Cooking Tools.
  • Lifesum: Healthy Eating.
  • Ate Food Journal.
  • MyNet Diary Calorie Counter.
  • Noom.

How do I keep a food diary on my phone? ›

4 of the Best Food Diary Apps for Your Phone
  1. MyFitnessPal. The MyFitnessPal app, available on Android and iOS, is one of the most popular and well-known fitness apps available. ...
  2. MyPlate. There's plenty to like about MyFitnessPal, but MyPlate for Android and iOS offers a more colorful take. ...
  3. See How You Eat. ...
  4. Lifesum.
1 Dec 2019

How do I track my daily food intake? ›

MyFitnessPal is one of the most popular calorie counters right now. It tracks your weight and calculates a recommended daily calorie intake. It also has a well-designed food diary and an exercise log. The home page provides a clear picture of how many calories you've consumed during the day.

What is the concept of nutrition? ›

Nutrition is about eating a healthy and balanced diet. Food and drink provide the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. Understanding these nutrition terms may make it easier for you to make better food choices. Find more definitions on Fitness | General Health | Minerals | Nutrition | Vitamins.

What are the 10 principles of nutrition? ›

  • The 10 Principles of Successful Nutrition. ...
  • The less legs the better. ...
  • Eat breakfast everyday. ...
  • Eat protein with every meal and most snacks. ...
  • Eat at least 1 full serving of vegetables and/or fruits every time you eat. ...
  • Drink mainly single ingredient beverages. ...
  • Eat fats that give something back. ...
  • Don't waste your workout!

What are basics of nutrition? ›

Explaining Nutrition

Food is comprised of macronutrients including protein, carbohydrate and fat that not only offer calories to fuel the body and give it energy but play specific roles in maintaining health.

What three foods can you survive on? ›

Black (turtle), red (kidney), pinto and soy top many nutritionists' lists of so-called superfoods. This will probably be your best source of calcium and iron on the island. Beans are a versatile island food, too, for once dried the keep for a long time.

What your body needs everyday? ›

The six essential nutrients are vitamins, minerals, protein, fats, water, and carbohydrates.

What are the six classic of food? ›

The six classes include: fat, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals and water. Yes, even water! These are elements of a diet that you cannot live without ingesting.

Who is father of nutrition? ›

Antoine Lavoisier is known as the father of nutrition. He was the one who discovered metabolism in 1770, which means the conversion of food and oxygen into heat and water in the body in order to produce energy.

What are the two types of nutrition? ›

The different modes of nutrition include: Autotrophic nutrition. Heterotrophic nutrition.

How do I start learning about nutrition? ›

Here are some realistic tips for you to get started with healthy eating:
  1. Prioritize plant-based foods. ...
  2. Cook at home. ...
  3. Shop for groceries regularly. ...
  4. Understand that your diet isn't going to be perfect. ...
  5. “Cheat days” aren't acceptable. ...
  6. Cut out sugar-sweetened drinks. ...
  7. Choose filling foods. ...
  8. Eat whole foods.
24 Jun 2021

How do I start Intuitive Eating? ›

10 principles of intuitive eating
  1. Reject the diet mentality. Stop dieting. ...
  2. Recognise your hunger. ...
  3. Make peace with food. ...
  4. Challenge the 'food police' ...
  5. Feel your fullness. ...
  6. Discover the satisfaction factor. ...
  7. Cope with your feelings without using food. ...
  8. Respect your body.

How do I stop Intuitive Eating? ›

Get rid of diet books, and stop following social media accounts that focus on diet culture and weight loss.
  1. Honor your hunger. Think about what hunger feels like to you. ...
  2. Make peace with food. ...
  3. Challenge the food police. ...
  4. Discover the satisfaction factor. ...
  5. Feel your fullness. ...
  6. Cope with your emotions with kindness.
17 Jan 2022

How can I learn to eat more? ›

16 Ways to Increase Your Appetite
  1. Eat Small Meals More Frequently. Share on Pinterest. ...
  2. Eat Nutrient-Rich Foods. ...
  3. Add More Calories to Your Meals. ...
  4. Make Mealtime an Enjoyable Social Activity. ...
  5. Trick Your Brain With Different Plate Sizes. ...
  6. Schedule Meal Times. ...
  7. Don't Skip Breakfast. ...
  8. Eat Less Fiber.
18 Sept 2017

What is the healthiest way to eat? ›

Top 5 tips from the experts
  1. Prepare most of your meals at home using whole or minimally processed foods. ...
  2. Make an eating plan each week – this is the key to fast, easy meal preparation. ...
  3. Choose recipes with plenty of vegetables and fruit. ...
  4. Avoid sugary drinks and instead drink water. ...
  5. Eat smaller meals more often.

How do you start a healthy lifestyle? ›

Here are 20 practical health tips to help you start off towards healthy living in 2020.
  1. Eat a healthy diet.
  2. Consume less salt and sugar.
  3. Reduce intake of harmful fats.
  4. Avoid harmful use of alcohol.
  5. Don't smoke.
  6. Be active.
  7. Check your blood pressure regularly.
  8. Get tested.
31 Dec 2019

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